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Emergency Kits.

If you are unprepared for a disaster, it can shatter your life. Expect the unexpected and plan for it. Knowing what to do when a disaster strikes will help you better control the situation and be in a better position to remove more quickly.

Everyone should be prepared to take care of themselves for a minimum of 72 hours. If a disaster happens in our community, it may take emergency workers some time to get to you as they help those in desperate need.

Each of us must take a few simple steps today and become better prepared to face a range of emergencies- anytime, anywhere. The Municipality of Wawa has a guide to assist residents to create their own Emergency Plan. Drop by the Municipal Office at 40 Broadway Avenue, Wawa or call at 856-2244, extension 221, to obtain a copy of the “Emergency Preparedness Guide”. The Guide provides checklists to assist you with building a 72-Hour Emergency Kit. You can also download a copy of the 72hr Emergency Preparedness Guide here.

BE PREPARED! MAKE A PLAN AND PREPARE A KIT!

Follow the link below to the Emergency Management Ontario (EMO) website to learn how to prepare your home emergency plan. Online tool to help you create an Emergency Preparedness Action Plan

Basic Survival Kit
When preparing for a disaster, it is important to have a basic survival kit in place to ensure that you and your family will be able to sustain yourselves for an extended period of time. Here are some items to include in your emergency survival kit:

Basic Equipment: (Store these items in a portable container and keep it accessible).

  • Small, fuel-driven stove and fuel (follow the manufacturer’s directions and store properly).
  • Waterproof matches, plastic garbage bags, duct tape, and paper towels
  • Disposable plates and glasses, knives, forks, spoons, manual can-opener and bottle opener

Food and Water: (Keep enough water and non-perishable food to meet your needs for at least 3 days. Check the food and replace the water every year).

  • At least four (4) litres of bottled water per person, per day
  • Canned food: soups, stews, beans, pastas, meat, poultry, fish, fruits, and vegetables
  • Energy bars and dried foods
  • Honey, peanut butter, nuts, syrup, jams, salt and pepper, sugar, instant coffee and tea

Survival Items:

  • Food and water
  • Flashlight and spare batteries
  • Crank or battery-operated radio (portable stereo and headphones)
  • Candles and matches or lighter
  • Whistle (in case you need to attract attention)
  • Toiletries, spare eyeglasses and other personal items
  • First aid kit, prescription drugs
  • Extra set of keys and money (including small change for pay telephones)
  • Copies of your important documents (identification, personal papers, etc.)
  • Winter clothing, boots and blankets or sleeping bags

REMEMBER:
When preparing your emergency survival kit, keep in mind that all family members could have their own kit and another bag could be devoted to equipment, food and extra bottles of water for the whole family.

Keep special needs in mind. For instance, if you have a baby, don’t forget to include supplies like diapers, powdered milk, a bottle and a pacifier in your emergency kit. Think about the needs of older or handicapped people in your family. If you have pets, put aside a small bag of food for them.

Make copies of all your prescriptions and keep a minimum one-week supply of medications in your emergency kit!

Family Emergency Supply Kit
Water:

  • Store water in plastic containers such as clean, soft drink bottles or purchase sealed bottled water in bulk
  • Store at least four litres of water per person per day (two litres for drinking, two litres for food preparation/sanitation)
  • Keep at least a three-day supply of water for each person in your household
  • Store water purification tablets or chlorine bleach and an eyedropper to disinfect water

Food:

  • Store at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food
  • If you must heat food, pack a can of commercial heating/cooking fuel or a portable camp cook stove – do not use a barbecue indoors
  • Rotate your stored food items every six months

Tools and Supplies:

  • Mess kits or paper cups, plates and plastic utensils
  • Battery-operated radio and extra batteries
  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • Cash or travelers’ cheques, credit cards, change
  • Non-electrical can opener, utility knife
  • Fire extinguisher (small canister, ABC type)
  • Shut-off wrench to turn off household gas and water
  • Tube tent
  • Duct tape
  • Pliers
  • Compass
  • Matches in a waterproof container
  • Aluminum foil
  • Plastic storage containers
  • Signal flare
  • Paper, pencil
  • Needles, thread

Non-prescription Drugs:

  • Pain relievers (ie: acetaminophen)
  • Anti-diarrhea medication
  • Sun screen (SPF 15 or higher)
  • Antacid (for stomach upset)
  • Laxative

First Aid Kit should include:

  • First Aid manual
  • Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes
  • 2 inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
  • 4 inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
  • Hypoallergenic adhesive tape
  • Triangular bandages (3)
  • 2 inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
  • 3 inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
  • Scissors
  • Tweezers
  • Moistened towelettes
  • Antiseptic or antiseptic towelettes
  • Thermometer
  • Tongue depressor (2)
  • Assorted sizes of safety pins
  • Cleansing agent/soap
  • Latex gloves (2 pairs)

Clothing and Bedding:
Include at least one complete change of clothing and footwear per person.

  • Sturdy shoes or work boots
  • Rain gear
  • Blankets or sleeping bags
  • Hat and gloves, scarves
  • Thermal underwear
  • Sweaters

Special Items:
Remember family members with special needs, such as infants and elderly or disabled persons.

First Aid Kit
A variety of first aid kits are available for purchase from department stores, but you can choose to make your own kit. You will need to include:

  • Latex gloves (2 pairs)
  • Scissors
  • Tweezers
  • Safety pins
  • Thermometer
  • Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes
  • 5-centimetre sterile gauze pads (4-6)
  • 10-centimetre sterile gauze pads (4-6)
  • Triangular bandages (3)
  • 5-centimetre sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
  • 10-centimetre sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
  • Cleansing agent and soap
  • Moistened towelettes
  • Antiseptic
  • Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant
  • Tube of antifungal or antibiotic ointment
  • Sunscreen
  • Non-prescription medication: aspirin or other pain reliever, anti-inflammatory, anti-diarrhea medication, antacid and laxative
  • Prescription medication
  • First aid manual

Assemble one first aid kit for your home and one for your vehicle. Check and replenish your kit at least once a year.

Outdoor Survival Kit
When going on outdoor excursions, whether it be summer or winter, take along a basic outdoor survival kit in case of emergency. You should be sure to have:

  • Matches (in a waterproof container)
  • Orange plastic garbage bags (to keep you warm and dry)
  • High-energy snacks (granola bars or trail mix)
  • Whistle
  • Pocket knife
  • Compass (know how to use it!) or hand-held GPS Unit
  • Lightweight survival blanket
  • Reflector or hand mirror (for signalling)
  • Insect repellent
  • Antibiotic ointment
  • Plastic bandages

Be sure to replenish your kit at least once a year!

Vehicle Survival Kit
Every driver should carry a survival kit in his or her vehicle. Here are some important items to consider:

  • Booster cables. The thicker the better. Look for four or six-gauge cables.
  • Vehicle fluids. These include windshield washer fluid, gas-line antifreeze, motor oil, transmission oil, power steering fuel, brake fluid, anti-freeze, and rags for wiping dipsticks so fluid levels can be checked properly.
  • An approved container able to hold up to four litres of gasoline.
  • Emergency flares. If you ever have to use them, remember to place them at least 15 metres away from your car to give other drivers adequate warning of the problem.
  • Sand, salt or cat litter during winter. This comes in handy when stuck and wheels are spinning on ice.
  • Emergency food and water pack.
  • Shovel and axe or hatchet.
  • A mini air compressor to help inflate a flat tire and/or puncture seal gels.
  • A tire gauge for measuring the air pressure in your tires.
  • Spare fuses. Carry an assortment thatincludes at least one of 7.5, 10, 15, 20, 35 and 30 amp fuses.
  • A flashlight and spare batteries.
  • Tool kit, including a good quality screwdriver set with a flat head, Phillips head, Robertson head, and Torx head, pliers, small hammer, utility knife, ratchet socket set, a four-way wrench, Vice-Grip pliers, seatbelt cutter, rolls of electrical and duct tape.
  • First aid kit
  • A blanket (the special “survival” blankets are best)
  • An emergency candle and camping matches
  • Road maps
  • Ice scraper and brush
  • Fire extinguisher (ABC type)
  • Tow rope
  • Whistle

Always remember to keep your vehicle serviced regularly. Keep your gas tank at least half full. Drive carefully.

Pets and Emergencies

Pets are part of our families. During an emergency situation, it is important to know how to keep our animal companions safe. Emergencies can happen at any time, so prepare today. Assemble a pet emergency kit and make arrangements for your pet in the event that you must evacuate. For more information how to prepare a pet emergency kit, please visit the EMO website for more information on Pets and Emergencies.